The Sumerian term é and the Akkadian term bītu, meaning 'temple' or 'house (of the deity)', were not restricted to 'dwellings' of deities of a particular size or importance. They applied to sanctuaries from small neighbourhood shrines in residential areas to large, freestanding, tall buildings, from one-room cult sites to temple complexes with extensive auxiliary buildings, and they could be used for temples where one or many deities were worshipped.
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Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin),
Seidlmayer, Stephan Johannes (Berlin),
Hollender, Elisabeth (Cologne),
Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg),
Höcker, Christoph (Kissing),
Prayon, Friedhelm (Tübingen) and
Nielsen, Inge (Hamburg),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 21 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1203370>