River in Samnium (Samnites; Plin. HN 3,103; 3,106; Ptol. 3,1,18: Φιτέρνος/Phitérnos), modern Biferno. It rises on T. Mons (modern Matese), forms the border with Campania, flows through the territory of the Pentri of Bovianum and Fagifulae, separates the Frentani from the Larinates (Larinum) and flows into the Adriatic (Ionios Kolpos) to the south of Buca (modern Termoli).
G. Barker, A Mediterranean Valley, 1995
S. P. Oakley, The Hill-Forts of the Samnites, 1995, 107-120.
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Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 20 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1213930>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510