Tigris
(422 words)

[German version]

(Sumerian Idigna, Assyrian/Babylonian Idiqlat, Greek Τίγρης/Tígrēs (Hdt. 1,189; 1,193; 2,150; 5,52; 6,20), Latin Tigris (Plin. HN 6,129 f. et passim), Arabic Diǧla, Turkish Dicle), at about 1850 km the second longest river of the Near East. The Euphrates [2] and the T. enclose the 'land between two rivers' called Mesopotamia. In Antiquity unclear ideas on the sources of the T. circulated. Assyrian inscriptions at the source cave of the Sebene locate its origin there. Plin. HN 6,127 f., who cites the etymology from Iranian tigri-, 'arrow', mentions a partly su…

Cite this page
Kessler, Karlheinz (Emskirchen), “Tigris”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1214140>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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