Brill’s New Pauly

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(173 words)

[German version]

Independent branch of the Indo-European languages, a centum language, recorded in translations of Buddhist texts stemming from the 6th-8th cents. AD. These are written in a vocalized Indic script and were found in buried monasteries in Xinjiang province in northwestern China. Dialect A was written only in Turfan, Dialect B also to the west in Kučā. The name Tocharian was given to the language by modern scholars, perhaps in error, after the ancient Tochari people in Bactria. From the vocabulary cf. Tocharian B pācer = Latin pater, and, with only a Greek cognate, To…

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Oettinger, Norbert (Augsburg), “Tocharian”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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