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Tomyris
(193 words)

[German version]

(Τόμυρις/Tómyris), 'the heroic' (?). Queen of the Massagetes, to the southeast of the Aral Sea, c. 530 BC. The exclusively Greek and Latin accounts are presumably legendary, with the earliest surviving being from Herodotus [1], also the most believable (Hdt. 1,205-214). In order to gain power over the Massagetae Cyrus [2] wooed T. but she spurned him. Cyrus decided on a military campaign and at the river Araxes [2] at the border received a message from T.: he may either continue three days' march into her lands and then fight, or allow her to mar…

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Högemann, Peter (Tübingen), “Tomyris”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1217060>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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