Brill’s New Pauly

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(4,791 words)

I. Ancient Orient and Egypt

[German version]

A. General Points

Translation by means of an interpreter (Akkadian targumannu; Ugaritic targumiānu; Hittite tarkummija- ('to translate'); Aramaic ta/urgmānā; Arabic tu/arǧumān; Italian turcimanno; cf. dragoman) played an important role in the cultures of the Ancient Orient in their contacts with other ethnic groups. Mesopotamian rulers prided themselves on their com…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin), Görgemanns, Herwig (Heidelberg), L.FL. and Binder, Vera (Gießen), “Translations”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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