Brill’s New Pauly

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(127 words)

[German version]

(Τρωγοδύται/Trōgodýtai). Hdt. 4,183 introduces a people in the south of Libya as T. Aithíopes. The incorrect form Trōglodýtai developed out of trṓglē ('cave') and dýnai ('dive/plunge into'); already Aristotle (Hist. an. 597a 9) describes the Pygmies as 'cave-dwellers' using the expression trōglodýtai. The correct but etymologically still unclear form T. is found again in Plin. HN 37,107. Nevertheless, T. continues to refer mostly to cave-dwellers, whether in Moesia, in the Caucasus (Str. 7,5,12 and 11,5,7) or elsewhere. …

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Rausch, Sven, “Trogodytae”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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