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Turfan
(280 words)

[German version]

Town and oasis region (T. basin) in eastern Uyghurstan (Xinjian) in China, to the south of the Tianshan mountains, on the northeastern edge of the Taklamakan desert, an important station on the Silk Road. There are numerous historically and archaeologically significant places there: 10 km to the west of modern T. is the Chinese fortress of Jiaohe, which from the 2nd cent. BC until the 5th cent. AD was the capital of the kingdom of Cheshi. Around 100 BC Gaochang came into being 30 km to the east of T., ruled from 640 by a local Chinese dynasty, chief language Tocharian. To t…

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Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin), “Turfan”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1222940>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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