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Typology
(397 words)

[German version]

The term typology only dates back to the 18th cent., referring specifically to the mainly Jewish-Christian interpretation method of a salvific history which was seen as both coherent and purposeful (to be distinguished from typology in the sense of assigning individuals to particular types or, respectively, as a method of relative dating used in the study of prehistory). Typology has its etymological roots in τύπος/týpos ('image', type) respectively τυπικός/typikós (Rom 5,14; 1 Cor 10,6; 11) and ἀντίτυπον/antítypon ('counter-image', antitype; 1 Petr 3,21)…

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Pollmann, Karla (St. Andrews), “Typology”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 July 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1223670>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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