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Varangians
(82 words)

[German version]

(Βάραγγοι/Bárangoi). Scandinavians who from about the early 10th cent. AD arrived in Byzantium by way of the territory of the Kievan Rus (hence also often described as Ῥώς/Rṓs or Tauroscythae), from the 11th cent. also Anglo-Saxons who served in the Byzantine army (in which they were considered particularly trustworthy), but primarily in the Imperial Guard. Their characteristic weapon was the battle-axe, which earned them the nickname 'axe-bearers' (πελεκυφόροι/pelekyphóroi).

Bibliography

S. Franklin, A. Cutler, s. v. Varangia…

Cite this page
Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich), “Varangians”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12209010>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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