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Verbera
(152 words)

[German version]

(literally 'strokes, lashes'), e.g. with a stick (ferula) or a whip (flagella), were a means of punishment (castigatio) in Rome. They occurred as an independent (police) punishment primarily for slaves and members of the lower classes (humiliores, see Honestiores ) in the framework of the policing powers of the magistrates ( Coercitio ), in particular of the Tresviri [1] capitales in the Republican period, then of the emperor and his agents and of the provincial governors. In Roman penal law - as is known from the flagellation of Jesus - verbera were also an 'additiona…

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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Verbera”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12200620>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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