In Greek and Roman Antiquity, the verdict was determined entirely by the preceding complaint or charge, e.g. in Athens by dike  (civil complaint) and graphe  (criminal charge). For a verdict to be pronounced, there then remained nothing further to be established; it was merely a question of counting the votes of the deciding committee. The function of the ‘judge’ ( iudex ) in Roman law was essentially confined to hearing evidence. The legal judgement was anticipated by the admission of the complaint ( actio ), in particular by the praetor .
Cite this pageSchiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Verdict”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1226220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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