Brill’s New Pauly

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(339 words)

[German version]

(in epigraphic and literary sources also Viriathus). Leader of Lusitanian bands and resistance fighter 147-139 BC. After growing up as a herdsman (Diod. 33,1,1), in 150 he escaped Ser. Sulpicius [I 10] Galba's massacre  and in 147 was appointed leader by the Lusitani, who were under pressure from C. Vetilius (App. Ib. 60,251-62,260). By means of flexible tactics, sham retreats and surprise attacks he became a dangerous adversary of the Roman army (cf. [1]), which had been weakened by the Third  Punic War. In 147 V. defeated C. Vetilius, in 146 C. Plautius [I 3…

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D.RO., “Viriatus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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