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(1,048 words)

(ἀρετή/aretḗ; 'fitness', 'excellence'; Latin virtus).

[German version]

A. Archaic Period

The term ‘virtue’ has pre-philosophical and philosophical meanings. Pre-philosophical conceptions (in, for example, Greek epic and Archaic elegy, historiography and the Attic orators) correspond to a heroic and political ethics, whose main characteristics are practical wisdom and courage as well as the pursuit of fame …

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Renaud, François (Moncton, NB), “Virtue”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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