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Volones
(121 words)

[German version]

was the name applied to the some 8000 slaves that the Senate recruited on a voluntary basis after the Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC (Hannibal [4]) (Liv. 22,57,11 f.; Fest. 511; Macrob. Sat. 1,11,30); after the victory over Hanno at Beneventum in 214 BC the volones were ceremonially given their freedom (Liv. 24,14-16). A comparable recruitment of non-free men is attributed to Marcus [2] Aurelius (SHA Aur. 21,6). In both cases libertas (Freedom) and civitas were held in prospect, whereas on other occasions of deployment of slaves in battle their manumission was gener…

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Schumacher, Leonhard, “Volones”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12207130>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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