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Voluntarii
(478 words)

[German version]

(literally 'volunteers'). In the early Republic, all Roman citizens of the first four wealth classes (Liv. 1,42,4-43,13), who volunteered for military service outside of the annual muster or after the age for compulsory military service of 17 to 46 (Gell. NA 10,28,1; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 10,43,3; Liv. 3,57,9; 10,25,1 f.) were voluntarii . In the 3rd cent. BC, when the regular service period was fulfilled with 16 campaigns for the infantry and with 10 for the cavalry (Pol. 6,19,2; Liv. 32,3,2-7), military service continued to be important for the military…

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Schumacher, Leonhard, “Voluntarii”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12207430>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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