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(3,618 words)

(σοφία/sophía, Latin sapientia).

I. Greco-Roman

[German version]

A. General and philosophical concept

The Greek noun σοφία/sophía (Ionic: σοφίη/sophíē), derived from the adjective σοφός (sophós), which has been documented since the 6th cent. BC, generally refers to the superior skill and knowledge that distinguishes the expert and artist from the masses and accounts for the high regard in which he is held. The term sophía is used to describe any practical mastery, such as that of a helmsman, mast…

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Volpi, Franco (Vicenza), Heimgartner, Martin (Halle), Hollender, Elisabeth (Cologne) and Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg), “Wisdom”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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