Xestes
(129 words)

[German version]

(ξέστης/xéstēs). From the turn from the 3rd cent. BC to the 2nd onwards, the term xestes is recorded as a Greek term for the Roman sextarius , a fluid and dry measure of capacity (= c. 0.546 l) corresponding to 1/48 of an amphora [2], 1/6 of a congius or 2 heminae , 4 quartarii and 12 cyathi . In late Antiquity Egypt, 72 xestai/sextarii corresponded to an artábē, which was subdivided into 48 choínikes. Hence a choínix can be equated with 11/2 xestai/sextarii.

Sextarius (with table)

Bibliography

1 H. Chantraine, s. v. X., RE 9 A, 210…

Cite this page
Schulzki, Heinz-Joachim (Mannheim), “Xestes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12213610>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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