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(936 words)

Name of the God of the Israelites and Judaeans, and after the collapse of these states (722/720 and 586/582 BC), of the God of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).

[German version]

A. Name

The Old Testament gives only the consonants of the god's name (Yhwh; epigraphically attested from the 9th cent. BC), its pronunciation is a taboo in Rabbinic Judaism. Yhwh is usually read as 'Lord', adōnāy, hence the Κύριος (kýrios) of LXX as well as the erroneous 'Jehovah', in which the consonants of the written Yhwh are provided…

Cite this page
Knauf, Ernst Axel (Berne), “Yahweh”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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