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Zealots
(640 words)

[German version]

(ζηλωταί/zēlōtaí, from Greek ζηλοῦν/zēloûn, 'strive after'). Political and religious group of Jews who rose against Roman rule in Palestine in the 1st cent. AD, primarily in the first Jewish-Roman War (Jewish Wars). The term 'Zealots' can be found in Iosephus [4] Flavius (BI 4,160f.; 7,268-270), whose Bellum Iudaicum (books 4-7) and Antiquitates form the most important historical sources for the Zealots' movement and ideology. The term is a translation of the Hebrew qannāīm (qannā, 'eager', sc. for God, e.g. in the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhed…

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Wandrey, Irina (Berlin), “Zealots”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12215500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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