Brill’s New Pauly

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(933 words)

(παράδεισος/parádeisos, ζωγρεῖον/zōgreîon; Latin vivarium).

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

Zoos are known primarily from neo-Assyrian palace sites (11th-7th cents. BC), in the sense both of parks populated with animals of every kind and of enclosures in which game was kept (Paradeisos). Reliefs of hunting lions, wild asses etc. are known from the palace of Assurbanipal in Nineveh with representations of cages/enclosures; there are written records of lion enclosures as early as the begin…

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Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) and Müller, Stefan (Hagen), “Zoo”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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