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Baker, Newton Diehl
(399 words)

Baker, Newton Diehl

(December 3, 1871, Martinsburg West Virginia – December 25, 1937, Cleveland, Ohio), American politician (secretary of war). After earning his law degree Baker worked as a solicitor in Martinsburg and served as the mayor of Cleveland from 1912 to 1916. He is thought to be one of the architects of the progressive movement and played a major part in the nomination of Woodrow Wilson as the presidential candidate of the Democratic Party in 1912.

Baker was highly regarded by President Wilson, who relied on him as a loyal follower and close advisor. In March…

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Hoff, Henning, “Baker, Newton Diehl”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 26 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2015

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