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Bavarian Soviet Republic
(891 words)

Bavarian Soviet Republic

A soviet republic is a state in which all executive, legislate, and jurisdictional power is in the hands of elected spokesmen for workers and soldiers, excluding parliament.

For a short time in early 1919 there existed in Germany Soviet republics in Cuxhaven, Mannheim, Braunschweig, Bremen, and Munich. Of these, the ones which lasted longest were those in Bremen (25 days) and Munich (24 days). In the first months after the revolution, Bremen was a stronghold of the Spartakus movement. Together with the SPD, Spartakus had a clear majority in the workers’ councils o…

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Hagenlücke, Heinz, “Bavarian Soviet Republic”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 05 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2015

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