Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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(2,662 words)


The largest state by population and area in eastern Asia; a republic from 1911 to 1949.

Although China was scarcely involved militarily in the First World War, the war nevertheless represented an important turning point for the country. The consequences of the war fundamentally changed both China’s status in international politics and its internal political and social circumstances.

China’s involvement in the First World War was a long-term result of the expansion of European imperialism. Increased rivalry between the Great Powers, in their strugg…

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Mühlhahn, Klaus, “China”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2015

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