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Dix, Otto
(393 words)

Dix, Otto

(December 2, 1891, Untermhaus [now part of Gera] – July 25, 1969, Singen [Hohentwiel]), German painter and graphic artist. Dix continued longer than any other German artist to reprocess his war experience in his work. Trained as a machine-gunner, he served in the army throughout the war. In 1914, even before reporting to the front as a volunteer, he painted a Self-portrait as a soldier, and in 1915 a Self-portrait as Mars. Dix thus bears a strong resemblance to the radical agitator and fighter, disruptive of all forms of order, invoked by the early Expressi…

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Jürgens-Kirchhoff, Annegret, “Dix, Otto”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2015

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