Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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German Revolution
(1,770 words)

German Revolution

With the German Revolution of 1918/1919, the German Empire became a German Republic. The deep roots of this upheaval lay in the war-weariness of the exhausted and malnourished civilian population and the overburdened soldiery. The German Revolution was more a collapse of the traditional order than a militant mass rebellion. In this, it resembled the Russian February Revolution of 1917 rather than the revolutions of 1848. The Russian October Revolution, with Lenin’s proclamation of a dictatorship of the proletariat, provides a standard of comparison for the behavi…

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Schwabe, Klaus, “German Revolution”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 03 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2015

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