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Haber, Fritz
(330 words)

Haber, Fritz

(December 9, 1868, Breslau – January 29, 1934, Basel), German chemist. Prior to the World War, Haber developed the scientific principles for the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen in the form of ammonia (NH3), which was then technically realized by Carl Bosch (Haber-Bosch process). However, ammonia was not only used as a base substance for the manufacturing of artificial nitrogenous fertilizers, but also for the production of explosives and was thus of crucial importance for the war economy.

In 1911, Haber was appointed director of the newly founded Kaiser Wilhe…

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Storz, Dieter, “Haber, Fritz”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 24 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2015

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