Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

Get access

Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire
(581 words)

Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire

(January 12, 1852, Rivesaltes – March 1, 1931, Paris), Marshal of France. Joffre was descended from an affluent, southern French winegrowing family. At 17, he was accepted to the École Polytechnique. Like many officers of his generation, he spent much of his career in the colonies, namely in Tonkin, the Sudan, and Madagascar. In 1905 at the age of 53, his distinguished career led to his being named a divisional general even though he lacked the usual diploma.

Joffre was named chief of the General Staff in 1911. He succeeded General Victor Michel…

Cite this page
Becker, Jean-Jacques, “Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2015

▲   Back to top   ▲