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Merrheim, Alphonse
(302 words)

Merrheim, Alphonse

(May 7, 1871, La Madeleine [Département Nord] – October 22, 1925 [unknown]), French trade union leader. Merrheim was born into a working class family in the industrial region of Northern France. In the 1890s he joined the Syndicalist movement aimed at the takeover of the means of production by autonomous trade unions, as advocated by the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT), in which he himself took on a leading role after the turn of the century.

At the outbreak of the First World War, Merrheim differed from the leadership of the CGT under Léon Jouhaux in rejecting the U…

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Mollenhauer, Daniel, “Merrheim, Alphonse”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2015

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