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National Socialism
(2,472 words)

National Socialism

The first industrialized mass war had considerable effects on political and social relationships, and on the mentality of people. Italian Fascism and German National Socialism owe their particular characteristics and their legitimization to the First World War, described by Eric J. Hobsbawm as a “machine for brutalizing the world.”

By his own testimony, Hitler himself was a “son of the war.” In repeated references to the war in Mein Kampf and in numerous statements and documented conversations (Hitler’s Table Talks), Hitler returned time and again to his p…

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Krumeich, Gerd, “National Socialism”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 06 February 2023 <>
First published online: 2015

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