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Peace Movements
(1,734 words)

Peace Movements

Social and political movements, at first based in the middle class, appearing from the early 19th century. “Pacifism” was organized in the form of peace societies and unions on national and local levels. In Germany the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft, DFG (German Peace Society), was founded in 1892. Their aim was cooperation with peace organizations in other countries, at first by means of international peace congresses, and from the end of the 19th century through the International Peace Office in Bern.

The expectation of so-called organized pacifism, accordin…

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Holl, Karl, “Peace Movements”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 26 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2015

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