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Piłsudski, Józef Klemens
(325 words)

Piłsudski, Józef Klemens

(December 5, 1867, Zułowo [now Zalavas, near Vilnius] – May 12, 1935, Warsaw), Polish politician and marshal. Co-founder of the Polish Socialist Party in 1892, Piłsudski was a determined opponent of Russia. He pursued the goal of a Polish federal republic on the model of the old Polish-Lithuanian Union, reaching far to the east and including non-Polish nationalities. This national revolutionary activist organized paramilitary groups from 1908 on and sent his forces over the border of the Russian province…

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Hecker, Hans, “Piłsudski, Józef Klemens”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 27 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2015

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