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Scapa Flow
(665 words)

Scapa Flow

A body of water in the Scottish Orkney Islands. On June 21, 1919, at 11 in the morning, the German Rear Admiral Ludwig von Reuter issued the order to scuttle the 16 battleships, eight cruisers, and 50 destroyers and torpedo boats lying in Scapa Flow. Within a few hours 64 ships, totaling about 400,000 tons, were destroyed, eight further vessels having been beached in time by the British. Nine Germans were shot and killed and nine wounded by Royal Navy guards in connection with the scuttling. The major part of the German High Seas Fleet had met its end after some six months’ …

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Krüger, Friederike, “Scapa Flow”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 26 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2015

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