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Article XX GATT [Introduction]
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Article XX GATT [Introduction]

*     The first edition of this entry was authored by Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum.

A. General

1     Art. XX provides Members with the ability to take national protective measures in a range of defined policy areas, thus exempting them, under certain conditions, from GATT obligations and concessions concerning the protection and promotion of free trade. The policy objectives…

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Adinolfi, Giovanna, “Article XX GATT [Introduction]”, in: Commentaries on World Trade Law Online, Peter-Tobias Stoll and Holger Hestermeyer (General Editors); Laura Wanner, Gregory Messenger, Kiliane Huyghebaert, Jin Woo Kim, Markus Wagner, Patrick Abel, Christian Riffel (Volume Editors). Consulted online on 23 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2022

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