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From A Ramesside Stela (1.13)
(441 words)

Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; Egyptian Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Cosmologies


In the Middle Kingdom Coffin Texts, the creative role of Ptah is clearly secondary to that of Atum, the material source of creation. In the New Kingdom, however, it evolved into a full cosmogony in its own right, combining the intellectual principle of Ptah with the material role of Ta-tenen (“Rising Land”), the deified Primeval Hill representin…

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Allen, James P., “From A Ramesside Stela (1.13)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 04 December 2021 <>

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