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From “Evil Spirits” (1.168)
(328 words)

Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; Sumerian Canonical Compositions; Divine Focus; Incantations


The formation of systematic (“canonical”) series of incantations began as early as Old Babylonian times in the case of the “Evil Spirits” (UDUG-HUL = utukku lemnūtu). Again, the concern was with improper burial and its baneful consequences. The present example is a brief incantation out of a reconstruction of second millennium forerunne…

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Hallo, W. W., “From “Evil Spirits” (1.168)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <>

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