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Instructions to Commanders of Border Garrisons (Bel Madgalti) (1.84)
(2,980 words)

Subject: Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World; Hittite Canonical Compositions; Individual Focus; Instructions


An essential element in Hittite administration of provinces was the auriyaš išḫaš, literally “lord of the watch tower/ guard post,”1 often written with the Akkadogram BEL MADGALTI. This was the officer in charge of garrisons and administration in sensitive frontier provinces of the empire. The Hittite term is often translated “border governor”;

Hoffner has proposed “margrave,” which impl…

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McMahon, Gregory, “Instructions to Commanders of Border Garrisons (Bel Madgalti) (1.84)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 03 December 2021 <>

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