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The Kulamuwa Inscription (2.30)
(2,049 words)

Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Building and Dedicatory Inscriptions; Phoenician Inscriptions


The inscription, which is carved on a large orthostat, was discovered during the German excavations at Zinjirli (= Samʾal) in 1902. The orthostat’s relief pictures Kulamuwa pointing with his right hand to divine symbols that fill part of the space at the top of the monument. The text, written in North Phoenician with Aramaic influences, dates around 830–820 bce an…

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Younger, K. Lawson, Jr., “The Kulamuwa Inscription (2.30)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <>

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