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Seals and Seal Impressions (2.WS.D.1)
(456 words)

Subject: Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World; West Semitic Monumental Inscriptions; Seal and Stamp Inscriptions


Seals were used for stamping the names of their owners on clay bullae to seal letters and documents (1 Kgs 21:8; Isa 8:16; 29:11; Jer 32:9–14; Job 38:14; Esth 8:8; cf. Gen 38:18, 25; 41:42; Jer 22:24; Song 8:6; Esth 3:10), on pottery vessels to indicate ownership or some other type of relationship, and for other purposes. Hundreds of seals and seal impressions, containing inscriptions in Hebrew, Phoenician, Ammonite, …

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Tigay, Jeffrey H. and Millard, Alan R., “Seals and Seal Impressions (2.WS.D.1)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 03 December 2021 <>

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