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The Heqanakht Letters (3.1)
(515 words)

Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Egyptian Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Kingdom Letters


The three letters translated here provide a unique glimpse into the life of a middle-class Egyptian family of the early Middle Kingdom. They were written by a ka-servant named Heqanakht, who served the mortuary cult of an official’s tomb in Thebes, probably during the first decade of the reign of Senwosret I, second king of the 12th Dynasty (ca. 1971–1926 bce). The letters, along with a number of Heqanakht’s accounts and some scribal equipment, w…

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Allen, James P., “The Heqanakht Letters (3.1)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 03 December 2021 <>

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