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Instructions to Aid Shepherd (3.87F)
(1,024 words)

Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; West Semitic Archival Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; Aramaic Ostraca


Donated by Sir Henry Thompson to the Cambridge University Library (Cambridge 131–33) and published by Cowley in 1929, this is the only ostracon addressed to a mother. Threading the word ṭbh, “goodness” through his letter, the anonymous son informs her that her bʿl ṭbh, a certain shepherd, is coming to Syene to sell sheep. If she does ṭbh…

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Porten, Bezalel, “Instructions to Aid Shepherd (3.87F)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 04 December 2021 <>

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