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Barley Order (4.17)
(540 words)


The text referred to as the “Barley Letter” is an incised Hebrew ostracon that was discovered in the Joint Expedition to Samaria in 1932 and labeled by the excavator Ostracon C 1101 (Sukenik 1933). The extant writing is beautifully incised on a sherd of red burnished ware. The fragmentary nature of the ostracon, however, makes its reading and interpretation speculative (Lemaire 1972). Nonetheless, recognizable vocabulary and the use of hieratic numerals suggest that the text recorded a…

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Suriano, Matthew, “Barley Order (4.17)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 03 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2017

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