The Levant Campaign Of Shoshenq I (945–924 bce) Karnak, Temple Of Amen-Re, Bubastite Gate (4.3)
(3,122 words)

Commentary

Late in his twenty-one year reign, the founder of the Libyan-origin 22nd Dynasty of Egypt, Shoshenq I, launched a military invasion into neighboring Iron-Age Palestine. But probably some time before that event, he had already opened up trade with Byblos in Phoenicia to secure timber-supplies in traditional fashion. Thus, Abibaal, king of Byblos, imported a statue of Shoshenq I for his own goddess Ba ʿalat-Gebal (“lady of Byblos”) – upon which both this Phoenician dedication and the pharaoh’s cartouches are engraved.1

Very different was the outwardly sudden outbreak…

Cite this page
Kitchen, K. A., “The Levant Campaign Of Shoshenq I (945–924 bce) Karnak, Temple Of Amen-Re, Bubastite Gate (4.3)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 17 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-436X_cos_aCOSB_4_3>
First published online: 2017



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