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Esarhaddon’s Treaty With Baal, King Of Tyre (4.35)
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Esarhaddon’s treaty with the Phoenician king Baal of Tyre was most likely established in or around the year 677bce. In that year, Esarhaddon’s inscriptions narrate how, the Assyrian ruler gave two erstwhile Sidonian cities to Baal, the king of Tyre in the wake putting down a rebellion by the king of Sidon (RINAP 4.1, iii.15–17). The favorable trade concessions that Baal receives in this treaty acquire greater significance when understood to be at Sidonian expense, and thus it is likely that the Tyrian king swore the adê-oath at this time even if no extant inscriptions m…

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Lauinger, Jacob, “Esarhaddon’s Treaty With Baal, King Of Tyre (4.35)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 04 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2017

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