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The Zakutu Treaty (4.37)
(1,879 words)


This adê-oath is remarkable among the extant Neo-Assyrian treaties for being imposed by someone other than an Assyrian king. The dominant party in this oath is the dowager queen of Assyria, Zakutu (an Akkadian rendering of the West Semitic name Naqia), the wife of Sennacherib (704–681), the mother of Esarhaddon (680–669), and the grandmother of Aššurbanipal (668–627). Although she imposed this oath of loyalty upon Aššurbanipal’s brothers (two of whom are mentioned by name), royal offici…

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Lauinger, Jacob, “The Zakutu Treaty (4.37)”, in: Context of Scripture Online, Editor in Chief: W. Hallo. Consulted online on 03 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2017

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