Abel הבל
(558 words)

I. Name

Abel is a novelistic figure in Gen. 4. His name is etymologically related to hebel ‘breath; nullity; vapor’ (Vanities). He has been related to the personal name é-bil // ʾà-bil in texts from Ebla. Within the paradigm that the antediluvian patriarchs were demigods or at least heroes, Gordon seems to suggest that Abel was a deity in Ebla (1988:154). In a later Jewish Hellenistic speculation Abel is seen as a judging angel.

II. Identity

The texts referred to by Gordon point to a person called *Ebil and…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Abel הבל”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 20 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Abel>

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