Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Aldebaran עישׁ
(1,071 words)

I. Name

The noun עישׁ occurs in the Bible in Job 38.32, vocalized ʿayiš. The term ʿāš, which appears in Job 9.9, is generally considered a variant reading or a less correct form of ʿayiš; it has also been considered a dittography of ʿśh, which immediately precedes it (B. Duhm, Das Buch Hiob erklärt [KHAT; Tübingen 1897] ad loc.). The context of both occurrences in Job clearly shows that ʿayiš is the name of a star or constellation. Its etymological parallels Jewish Aramaic yûtāʾ and Syr. ʿyûtoʾ and ʿiyûtoʾ

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I. Zatelli, “Aldebaran עישׁ”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Aldebaran>

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