Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Archon Ἄρχων
(2,174 words)

I. Name

The term archōn, a participial form of the verb archein used as a substantive, carries the root meaning of primacy in time or rank. After the overthrow of the monarchies in the Greek city-states (ca. 650 bce), the term archōn, meaning ‘high official’ or ‘chief magistrate’, became widely used for a variety of high public officials. Originally it was primarily limited as a designation for the highest officials (Thucydides 1.126; Aristotle Ath. pol. 13, 10–12). A typical Greek polis had two or…

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D. E. Aune, “Archon Ἄρχων”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Archon>

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