Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Athena Ἀθήνη
(1,950 words)

I. Name

Athena is the main polis divinity in Greek religion. The Romans identified her with Minerva (etrusc. Menrva); the Greeks themselves found numerous homologues in the ancient Near East, e.g. the Egyptian Neith of Saïs (Mora 1985:95) and the Ugaritic-Syrian Anat (CIS 1, 95). The affiliation between the armed Greek goddess and Near Eastern armed goddesses like Anat or Ishtar (Colbow 1991) is controversial, but Oriental influence is plausible. In the Bible, Athena occurs only as the root…

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F. Graf, “Athena Ἀθήνη”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 02 February 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Athena>

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