Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Authorities ἐξουσίαι
(726 words)

I. Name

The plural ‘authorities’ (exousiai) functions, strictly speaking, not as a name but as a cultic epithet denoting celestial forces (see Gladigow 1981:1217–1221, 1226–1231). The term is derived from Gk. ἐξουσία and corresponds to the verb ἔξεστιν (‘have permission, possibility, authority’). The designation then refers to those who have been given authority, the bearers of authority. Characteristically, in the NT (e.g. Eph. 3.10, Eph. 6.12; Col. 1.16; 1 Pet. 3.22) the plural form of …

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H. D. Betz, “Authorities ἐξουσίαι”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 07 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Authorities>

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